Any modern family dreams of having a car. This is both comfort and safety, capacity and fuel consumption.
Recently, however, a new fashion has emerged in Europe - for small and light cars. Most of these compact cars are designed for only two passengers.
These cars are ideal for a modern city. All of them weigh no more than 900 kilograms, and the length does not exceed 3.5 meters.
Peel P50 (UK). This car weighs only 59 kilograms. Its length is 137 centimeters and its width is 104 centimeters. The height of the micro-car is 117 centimeters. You can buy the smallest and lightest car in the world for 11 thousand dollars. But production was launched back in 1963, when the car cost only 200 pounds. Small batch production of the car resumed in 2011. The car is intended for one person only. If necessary, the car can either be rolled manually, or even carried away. There are special handles for this. When creating a baby, modern technologies are used - its body is made of fiberglass. Although it looks like a toy on the outside, the driver inside the car is quite comfortable. The start of car production in England back in the 60s was due to the general fashion for environmental friendliness. And the overcrowding of cars in Europe has not yet led to a fashion for hybrids or electric vehicles. Today Peel is produced not only with gasoline, but also with an electric motor. Its power is only 4 hp. This allows the car to accelerate to an impressive 80 km / h. However, the manufacturer considered this speed too dangerous. As a result, the baby has a limit of 45 km / h. In the wake of popularity, a two-seater variation, called the Peel Trident, began to be produced. She already weighs 99 kilograms. Applications for the purchase of these babies are open on the Peel Engineering website. Although their design looks rather odd, 40 of them were ordered even before production began.
Mercedes SMART ForTwo (France). This car weighs 730 kilograms, is 2.7 meters long, 1.56 meters wide and 1.54 meters high. The tiny model can accelerate to 135 km / h, and it costs 15 thousand dollars. The release of the Mercedes SMART began in 2004. There is a model with a 61 hp gasoline engine. and diesel at 41 hp. Although the machine is small, its equipment is state of the art. It includes an on-board computer, a six-speed automatic transmission, anti-lock braking system ABS and ESP stabilization system. The SMART is equipped with electric windows and the central locking is remotely controlled. For safety, the car is equipped with two frontal airbags. The car is quite powerful, it reaches 100 km / h in 13 seconds. And the fuel consumption is quite low - only 3.5 - 5 liters per 100 kilometers. But the light weight and short wheelbase lead to the fact that at high speed when cornering the car skids. Therefore, the manufacturer recommends doing this at a speed of 50 km / h. The salon is rather small, but it is comfortable to sit in it for passengers of any height and build. After all, the seats can be pushed back, and the ceiling is high here. The roof of the car is transparent but tinted. It gives a sense of freedom in confined urban spaces. However, in case of bright sun, the roof can be covered with opaque plastic.
Suzuki Twin (Japan). The Japanese creation weighs 560 kilograms, its length is 2.73 meters, width is 1.47 meters, and its height is 1.45 meters. You can buy this mini-car for 12 thousand dollars. And its maximum speed is 120 km / h. This two-seater is designed for city driving. Despite its small size, the car does not look ridiculous and toy. The Suzuki Twin is an excellent subcompact car, with an unusual design characterized by many curves. The small size of the car is its advantage in finding parking and in traffic jams. Inside, two people can comfortably accommodate. At the same time, there is still space behind the seats so that you can put luggage there. The Twin model is available with both petrol and hybrid engines. It was this car that became the first small car to be equipped with a hybrid system. To date, this is the cheapest production model with it. The total power of the baby's engine is 44 hp. But the car accelerates to 100 km / h in 33 seconds. At high speeds, the short wheelbase prevents the car from moving in a straight line. Therefore, drivers are not recommended to accelerate more than 60 km / h. Twin can have either a five-speed manual transmission or a three-speed automatic. The baby's fuel consumption is very optimal - only 3.3 liters per 100 kilometers.
Fiat Seicento (Italy). The Italian baby weighs 730 kilograms. It is 3.32 meters long, 1.5 meters wide and 1.44 meters high. It can accelerate to 140 km / h, and it costs less than the aforementioned competitors - 8 thousand dollars. The Seicento model was launched in 1998. Since then, her appearance has hardly changed. It's the same front-wheel drive three-door hatchback that's both size and agility. Although the manufacturer claims that this model has five seats, it has little to do with reality. Only two adults can comfortably sit in the back seat. You can put one child there, but this will cause embarrassment. It is difficult to call the body design modern, it brings back memories of the cars of the times and countries of socialism. The Seicento's trunk is small - 170 liters, but more is not required for such a car. In addition, the folded rear seats add 110 liters to this volume. The car has a pretty good carrying capacity - about 500 kilograms. The engine has a volume of 1.3 liters, which makes it possible to deliver 60 hp. In 18 seconds, the car can accelerate to 100 km / h. A feature of the model is the absence of expensive electronics. This allows the car to react cleanly to the driver's actions, as well as to show good dynamics when braking and accelerating.
Citroen C1 (France). The miniature "Frenchman" weighs 835 kilograms. Its dimensions are 3.43 meters long, 1.63 meters wide and 1.46 meters high. The maximum speed of the car is 157 km / h. The kid costs 12 thousand dollars. Together with the French from Citroen, the Japanese from Toyota put the hand to the creation of this four-seater car. And the assembly of the car began in the Czech Republic in 2005. When describing a baby, it is customary to use the phrases "wide smile" and "almond-shaped headlights". It seems that the bodywork is so elegant that the car fits into the concept of a truly feminine car. Although outwardly small, it is quite roomy inside. The salon is made in the style of minimalism, but with noble features. And the dashboard has only a speedometer with large numbers and an on-board computer screen. There are quite a lot of reclining niches in the car, which allow you to place a bunch of little things in them. The seats in the car are very comfortable, and they also have a good view. The rear windows are not lowered in any of the modifications, they can only be thrown back like vents. Citroen C1 has only two varieties. The hatchback body can be a three-door or five-door, and the engine is either one liter gasoline or 1.4 liter diesel. The total power of the baby is 68 hp. This gives her the ability to accelerate to 100 km / h in 14 seconds. It is worth noting the high safety of the machine. There are two airbags, ABS and a trajectory correction system when braking around corners. The suspension of the car is considered rigid, but it allows you to feel good grip on the road. In addition, the car has excellent acceleration and braking abilities.
Chevrolet Spark (USA). This creation of the American car industry weighs 775 kilograms. The Chevrolet is 3.49 meters long, 1.49 meters wide and one and a half meters high. You can buy it for 12 thousand dollars, and the maximum speed of the "baby" is 160 km / h. This compact hatchback has five doors. It is a purely urban car, relatively inexpensive and with a very successful design. The machine is maneuverable. Its distinctive body design, stylish headlights and round taillights keep you from getting lost in the city's faceless traffic. The inside of the car is quite roomy. The declared five people can really fit there. But for cars of this class, this is very rare. In 2007, the model received an update, after which it became even more stable on the road and easier to drive. The body of the car is made of high-strength steel, which allows it to show good results in crash tests. Passenger safety is also ensured by the front and side airbags and the use of the ABS anti-lock braking system. In total, you can find two modifications of this machine. One has a 0.8 liter engine and 52 hp. In the other, the power unit has a volume of 1 liter and a power of 63 hp. In 14 seconds, the car accelerates to 100 km / h. It also features good sound insulation and a smooth ride. But in Russia Spark has not gained popularity. The fact is that in our market there is practically a twin of this model - the Korean Daewoo Matiz. It is collected in Uzbekistan, which makes such a purchase much more profitable.
Peugeot 107 (France). This model is 3.43 meters long, 1.885 meters wide and 1.47 meters high. The car weighs 800 kilograms, and it can accelerate to 160 km / h. Anyone wishing to become the owner of this baby will have to pay $ 12,500. As with another French car, the Citroen C1, this model was also co-designed with the Japanese. Europeans have developed the design of the car, its suspension, providing excellent driving characteristics. Engineers from Toyota have equipped this model with a modern three-cylinder engine, gearbox and stuffed with onboard electronics. The difference from the Citroen model lies mainly in the design area. Externally, the hatchback looks like a three-door, but it also has rear doors. It is noteworthy that the tailgate is completely made of durable glass. Inside the salon, the designers have made all the elements small, like a toy. At the same time, the most intricate forms were chosen. But there is very little space left for luggage, and it is better for a large passenger to take a seat in the front seat. And in this case, there are two modifications on the market - with a gasoline liter engine and with a diesel 1.4-liter. At the request of the owner, either a manual five-speed transmission or an automatic 2-Tronic can be installed in the car. But there is not much standard equipment in the car, but this is usually enough. There is a power steering, two front airbags, electric window lifters, anti-lock braking system ABS, electronic brake force distribution EBD, and also a CSC cornering stabilization system. However, the small size and weight of the car lead to the fact that it still reacts to strong side winds and road surfaces, so it is undesirable to accelerate over 100 km / h on it.
Toyota iQ (Japan). And the Japanese themselves decided to keep up with the European model. In 2009, they released a micro-premium model. It is 2.98 meters long, 1.68 meters wide and 1.5 meters high. Such a car weighs 845 kilograms, and can accelerate to 170 km / h. But it costs a lot - 22 thousand dollars. Such a high price, as for a small car, is due to the fact that the model is literally crammed with the most modern technological solutions. This is especially true for passive and active safety. To do this, there is an anti-lock braking system ABS, an emergency braking amplifier BA, traction control, directional stability and brake force distribution. The Japanese believed that 9 airbags would provide the best security. In this case, the first of them is made in the curtain type and is provided for the rear window. Inside the car there is room for three adults. To do this, the front passenger will have to move forward as much as possible with the help of the mechanism. Another child can be accommodated behind the driver. If there are only two people inside, the rear seats can be folded down to form a luggage compartment. Usually, things can be kept under the rear seats, where there is a special niche for this. The iQ for Europe comes with a VVT-i petrol engine. Its volume is 1 liter, and its power is 68 hp. Thanks to such a power plant, the car accelerates to 100 km / h in 11.6 seconds. True, fuel consumption is higher than that of competitors - 5.1 liters per 100 km.
Aston Martin Cygnet (UK). The British have created the most expensive baby. Its cost is $ 49,500. The machine is 3.08 meters long, 1.68 meters wide and 1.5 meters high. The baby weighs 890 kilograms and accelerates to 170 km / h. The high price is determined by the premium compact car. This is the first car of its kind, and it went into production in 2011. The basis for the creation of the British model was the already mentioned Toyota iQ. And in this case, Japanese engineers collaborated with the Europeans. As a result, although the machine is manufactured in England, many of its component parts come from Japan. The creators of such a car say they tried to satisfy the luxury demands of Aston fans. These non-poor people live near the center, they just need a small car from their favorite brand. Naturally, the car has the most modern filling. There's even an iPod docking station. But the most important thing here is the classic and characteristic appearance of Aston Martin. It is defined by the radiator grille, bonnet vents, spoiler and boomerang-shaped taillights. The wheel rims are made of an uneasy diamond alloy. The upholstery is made of expensive leather, with a choice of white or black. The cabin can comfortably accommodate three adults. At the same time, there is one small place behind the driver's seat where you can put your child. The 1.33-liter engine runs on gasoline and has 98 hp. It is docked with a stepless variator. The car also has Stop @ Start technology. Thanks to it, the driver can save fuel in slow motion in traffic jams.
Daihatsu Move (Japan). But this little Japanese man has nothing to do with Toyota. The machine is 3.39 meters long, 1.47 meters wide and 1.63 meters high. The car weighs 810 kilograms, its maximum speed is 160 km / h. This model is available for $ 13,500. This five-door microvan is designed to accommodate four people. Daihatsu Move has been released since 2005, and 5 years after the start of release, it was completely updated. Outwardly, the model looks very friendly. Its lines gently wrap around the radiator, rounded and hood. But the car looks quite powerful, although there is also a feeling of its lightness. Compared to competitors, it is much more spacious inside. The salon also looks laconic and ergonomic. It is worth mentioning the unique doors that can open at 90 degrees. This makes loading quite comfortable. The engine has a volume of 0.66 liters and its power is 58 hp. This makes it possible to accelerate to 100 km / h in 13 seconds. Of all the models described with a gasoline engine, this is the most economical. In addition, some Move modifications have an "eco IDLE" stop-start system. It is considered to be very environmentally friendly without polluting the environment. The gearbox is four-speed.The latest technologies Pre-Crash Safety System and Active Safety are responsible for safety. The latter includes forward-looking cameras and a laser locator. Its work is somewhat similar to the remote control used in aviation. The speed in the car is also automatically regulated by the Radar Cruise Control system.