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Dead people do not always manage to rest peacefully in the Earth. Let's talk about the other most famous stolen and lost parts of the human body.
Maori heads. To return to New Zealand 16 heads of Maori warriors, the indigenous inhabitants of the islands, it took special permission from the French Parliament. After all, parts of the body of aborigines have long been part of the expositions of the museums of this particular country. As a result, it was only through a unanimous vote of the deputies that a decision important for New Zealand was made. The heads of warriors, dried and decorated with traditional tattoos, were part of the Māori Mokomokai culture. According to local traditions, after the death of a warrior, his head was cut off, his eyes and brain were removed from it, and the holes in the skull were filled with fibers or rubber. After that, this part of the body was boiled or steamed in a special oven for a couple of days. Then it was smoked over an open fire, and then also dried in the sun for several days. To achieve full readiness, the head was also treated with shark liver oil. The finished heads, mokomokai, were then kept in trimmed and carved boxes, from where they were taken out only for sacred rites. When Europeans came to New Zealand, they began to ransom their relics from the aborigines. At the beginning of the 19th century, trade was especially brisk; the Indians were given firearms and cartridges by the heads. So Maori heads ended up in France, and New Zealand lost part of its history.
The relics of St. Nicholas. In the Middle Ages, it was especially popular to worship the remains of saints. Millions of pilgrims went to see the relics, to touch them. People believed that they could work miracles. Such attention to shrines brought significant profits to the cities where they were kept. That is why there were many who wanted to receive parts of the body of the saints in an honest or not especially way. So, in 1087, the relics of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker were stolen, which were kept in the basilica in the city of Mira in Turkey. In those days, Muslims encroached on Christian relics, which were threatened with destruction. As a result, parts of the saint's body were stolen by merchants from the Italian city of Bari, who carried the relics to themselves. Since then, the day of the transfer of the relics has been celebrated in Bari itself with a festival and fireworks, as well as in the Orthodox Church. It should be noted that the Italians did not take all parts of Nikolai's body, so that some remained in the basilica in Turkey.
Geronimo's skull. Geronimo was the head of the army of the Chiricaua Apache Indians, for 25 years he led the forces that fought against the invasion of the lands of the Aboriginal Europeans. However, the struggle turned out to be unequal, and in 1886 Geronimo surrendered to the troops of the American army. The name of the famous Indian has become a symbol of courage and indifference to death. However, the legendary leader aroused interest in his person even after his death. In 1909, Geronimo's skull was dug up by members of the secret society "Bones and Skull" at Yale University as a gift to their fraternity. Among the three student malefactors was Prescott Bush, father of the 41st and grandfather of the 43rd US President. Rumor has it that the skull of the chief is now in a secret place on the territory of Yale University and is used in the secret rituals of the famous secret society. Upon learning of this, the descendant of the legendary leader and 19 other Indians filed a lawsuit against the government of the country, also filing a lawsuit against the elite educational institution. They demanded the return of the stolen remains of their great ancestor and tribesman.
Anne Boleyn's heart. It was a shock for Catholic traditional England when King Henry VIII suddenly divorced his wife Catherine of Aragon and married the elegant and intelligent Anne Boleyn. Henry really wanted an heir, and his new queen, after several unsuccessful attempts, was able to give birth to only a daughter, the future Queen Elizabeth I. The king openly accused Anna of constant intrigue, treason, both to him personally and to the state. As a result, Anna was arrested and executed by order of the king. The verdict was carried out at the Tower in 1536. Henry ordered the heart to be ripped out of Anne Boleyn's chest. This body part was placed in a box of the same shape and deposited in a church in Suffolk. However, in 1836, 300 years after Anna's execution, her heart was removed from the vault and reburied under the church organ.
Benito Mussolini's brain. The brain was removed from the great dictator for purely scientific purposes. After the death of Duce, the Americans took a part of the body to understand how a person can become a dictator. However, 21 years after the execution of the ruler of Italy, his brain was returned to the widow. And 43 years after those events, a new scandal broke out related to the remains of the famous ruler. His granddaughter, Alexandra Mussolini, said that someone was trying to sell Duce's body parts on eBay for 15,000 euros. There was even a photograph of Benito's brain and blood samples on the site for a while. Even some documents were attached to prove the authenticity of the remains. However, the lot was quickly withdrawn from sale before any bets were placed on it.
The manhood of Napoleon. The interest in the great commander was so great that even his mortal body was subjected to speculation. It turned out that during the autopsy of the deceased Napoleon, the doctor could not resist the temptation and cut off his penis, then giving it to a certain priest from Corsica for safekeeping. In 1977, this intimate part of Bonaparte's body was bought for 3 thousand dollars by a urologist from New Jersey. For 30 years he kept his precious purchase under the bed, until after his death Napoleon's penis was inherited by his daughter. During this time, the artifact has grown noticeably in price, now there were already those who wanted to shell out 100 thousand dollars for it.
Remains of Thomas Payne. Thomas Payne was a prominent American writer and philosopher who is even considered the godfather of the United States. However, his life turned out in such a way that the publicist began to drink in his last years and eventually died in poverty in New York. 10 years after Payne's death, his body was exhumed by William Cobbet, a fan of the writer's work. The remains of the philosopher were sent to England, where it was supposed to erect even a memorial in honor of the publicist. Unfortunately, Cobbett was never able to collect the necessary amount for the construction of the monument. The remains of Payne lay in a chest in the attic of an unlucky admirer until his death. What happened to the body parts of the writer then remains a mystery. They said that buttons were made from them. True, in the late 1930s, a resident of Brighton was found who claimed to be keeping Payne's jaw.
Francis Xavier's finger. The famous Christian missionary Francis Xavier traveled half the earth with the educational goal of spreading the Gospel. He visited France and Italy, Japan, India, Malaysia and Ceylon. But Xavier did not reach China, having died on the way. When, a few months later, the body of the preacher was dug up by Christians, it turned out that decay did not touch the deceased. Believers immediately declared Francis a saint, and his remains were transported with Christian missions around the world. But when Xavier was shown in India, one woman cut off the saint's toe. Eyewitnesses claimed that the wound was bleeding. Today, in the cathedral, the body of Xavier rests in a silver coffin, and parts of his hands are in Italy and Japan.
Head of King Badu Bonsu II. In 1838, an extraordinary event took place on the territory of Ghana - Badu Bonsu II, the leader of the Ashanti tribe living in the territory of present-day Ghana, killed two Dutchmen and decorated his throne with their heads. However, the tribesmen gave the bloody ruler to the angry Europeans, in the same year Bonsu was executed. But what happened to his head for a century and a half remained a mystery. Suddenly, this part of the body was found in a jar of formalin in one of the Dutch museums. Then the government of Ghana asked to return the head of its prominent countryman to his homeland. In 2009, representatives of the Ashanti tribe visited The Hague, where they were presented with the previously lost head of Bonsu II.
The Stolen African. At the beginning of the 19th century, it was customary for Europeans to take a taxidermist with them during a safari in Africa. This stuffed maker could come in handy if he could shoot a lion or a rhino. In 1820, a real revolution took place in taxidermy - two French specialists were able to make a stuffed animal from an African corpse found in the Kalahari Desert. His body has been treated to make his skin appear darker. After the embalming of the corpse, it was put on public display in Egypt. Then the mummy got to the Spanish town of Banyoles, where it stayed in the local museum until 1992. The fact is that one doctor from Haiti expressed his dissatisfaction with this treatment of the human body. The whole city was divided into two camps. Some residents believed that the body deserved to be buried, while others wanted to leave the mummy as an urban treasure. After heated debate in 2000, the mummy was handed over to Botswana, where it was honored and buried.