Today it is possible to insult anyone using the Internet. Only now it is possible to answer the offender only with the help of the same "virtual" weapon, without causing him real harm.
But in the old days, the issue of insults was solved much easier. And this solution to the problem was much more convincing than clicking the "complain" button.
And the most interesting thing is that duels in some countries and in some periods of history were quite a legal means of sorting things out. And although duels were a noble way to find out to defend honor, these battles at times turned out to be rather ridiculous and ridiculous.
Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve vs. Paul-Francois Dubois. Duels are understandable when two worst enemies clash in an argument. But sometimes the situation gets out of control between old friends and colleagues. This is exactly what happened with Sainte-Beuve and Dubois, whose duel took place on September 20, 1830. Sainte-Beuve was a literary critic who created his own method of evaluating the work of writers. He believed that all their stories and novels in fact, to one degree or another, reflect their own life and experience. Dubois was the editor of the newspaper Le Globe. Paul-François not only taught the famous critic at the Charlemagne Lyceum, but also hired him to work for his publication. What exactly they argued about remained a mystery. But the result was a duel set in the woods near Romainville. Heavy rain became a problem. Sainte-Beuve said he did not mind dying, but refuses to get wet at the same time. The critic picked up an umbrella instead of a pistol. As a result, no one died like that, and the two writers later became friends again. Sainte-Beuve himself recalled Dubois as a wonderful and sincere person. But the publisher behind the back called the critic "mama's boy, afraid of the rain."
Otto von Bismarck vs. Rudolf Virchow. This story is about how a politician was ready to defend his beliefs, which is simply not to be found in the modern world. Otto von Bismarck was the Prussian minister who united Germany and became its chancellor. In 1865, he clashed with the leader of the Liberal Party, Rudolf Virchow. This scientist and oppositionist believed that the politician had unnecessarily inflated the military budget of Prussia. As a result, the country plunged into poverty, overpopulation and epidemics. Bismarck did not dispute the views of his opponent, but simply challenged him to a duel. At the same time, the politician generously gave his opponent a choice of weapons. But Virkhov acted outside the box, he decided to fight with the help of sausages. One of them was raw, contaminated with bacteria. Bismarck understood that when using edged weapons or firearms, Virchow simply did not have a chance. But sausages equalized opportunities. Then Bismarck declared that the heroes had no right to gorge themselves to death and canceled the duel. The story is not only funny, it is also remarkable for the fact that the head of the country summoned the oppositionist. It usually happens the other way around.
Mark Twain vs. James Laird. Twain was a notorious duel opponent. The writer considered them an unreasonable and dangerous way to sort things out. In Twain's opinion, this is also sinful. If someone challenged him, the writer promised to take the enemy to a quiet place with the utmost courtesy and courtesy and kill there. That is why it is not surprising that when he challenged the editor of a rival newspaper to a duel, he did his best to prevent it. Describing the fight that never took place, Twain recalled that he was terrified. The fact is that his opponent was a famous marksman. But as soon as Laird and his second approached the place of the fight, Mark Twain's second, Steve Gillis, hit the head of a flying bird from 30 meters. The laird asked in amazement who had fired the subway like that? Then Gillis said that Twain, an excellent sniper, did it. Fortunately for the writer, Laird chose not to risk his life and canceled the duel.
Marcel Proust vs. Jean Lorrain. Digital technology makes it difficult for writers to grapple with devastating reviews of their creations. The fight comes down to endless comments, re-posts and likes. In 1896, Proust published a collection of short stories Joy and Days, but the poet and novelist Jean Lorrain published a devastating review on this score. In addition, the critic called the author himself "soft" and allowed himself to make comments about his personal life. The duel was scheduled for February 5, 1897. Proust's only request was not to start the fight until noon, since he was a pronounced "owl". Nevertheless, the writer arrived immaculately dressed for the duel. Both writers fired and both missed. Then the seconds agreed that honor had been restored. It should be said that such a reaction to the review was still excessive, but with the help of a duel, both writers were able to resolve their differences. It's good that both of them turned out to be bad shooters, otherwise literature would have become very poor.
Lady Almeria Braddock vs. Mrs. Elphinstone. This duel went down in history as a "skirt duel". The two ladies decided to go a little further in sorting out their relationship, as was customary among French women. But nothing foreshadowed such a denouement of the usual tea drinking between two friends - Mrs. Elphinstone and Lady Braddock. It's just that the first one began to describe the hostess's appearance using the past tense: "You were a beautiful woman." Lady Almeria Braddock was so offended by these words that she immediately appointed a duel in nearby Hyde Park. Initially, it was decided to shoot with pistols. After the bullet hit Lady Braddock's hat, Lady Braddock still insisted on continuing the duel. Then the ladies took up swords. And only when Fly Braddock was able to easily injure her abuser, she agreed to a written apology from her side. The duel ended, but it was an extraordinarily spectacular performance.
Sasaki Kojiro vs. Miyamoto Musashi. This duel may seem ridiculous, but its participants cannot be denied inventiveness. In 1612, in a duel on the territory of feudal Japan, two fighters, principled opponents, met. They did not agree on the art of fencing. There are many different descriptions of that fight. The most common version says that Musashi was three hours late, moreover, instead of a sword, he came with a hewn oar. It was a psychological blow to the enemy. Musashi smiled at his opponent hurling insults at him. And when Kojiro was blinded by the rays of the rising sun, he struck him with his improvised weapon, killing him. It turns out that it turned out to be possible to defeat the legendary warrior with the help of being late and a boat oar.
François Fournier-Sarlovez vs. Pierre Dupont. Frnier-Sarlovez was a very impulsive person who resorted to the sword at every opportunity. He was not stopped by the fact that dueling in France in the 17th century was prohibited. The most famous duel of Fournier-Sarlovez lasted for 19 long years. These events even formed the basis of Joseph Conrad's novel The Duel and Ridley Scott's The Duelists. It all started in 1794. Pierre Dupont, an army courier, delivered Fournier's message. But he didn't like the message. Word by word, the unlucky courier turned out to be guilty, who was immediately a bully and challenged. He agreed and managed to wound Fournier, but not fatally. Having recovered, he offered revenge. This time DuPont was wounded. The third time both were injured. Over the next 19 years, the duelists converged about 30 times, trying to prove something to each other. They even concluded an agreement that a duel could not take place only if there was a distance of more than a hundred kilometers between them. And although the French called each other sworn enemies, they corresponded and sometimes even dined together after the fight. In 1813, Dupont decided to marry, and his longstanding enmity was useless. He offered to finally resolve the issue. The decisive duel took place in the forest. Dupont decided to cheat - he hung his jacket on a branch, where he discharged Fournier's charges. Then the groom said that he would not shoot, but next time he would do it twice. Thus Fournier ended the pursuit of his longtime enemy.
Humphrey Howard vs. Earl Barrymore. Experienced duelists know to always take some precautions before a duel. In 1806, a dispute erupted between two venerable English gentlemen, MP Humphrey Howard and Henry Barry, 8th Earl of Barrymore, which led to a duel. But Howard, a former army doctor, knew that it was infection in an open wound that was most often fatal. That is why he decided that clothing is the very thing. And if the count, like a real gentleman, appeared in battle in a frock coat and top hat, then his opponent wisely stripped naked. It is said, however, that Howard made this decision under the influence of alcohol. But the count was sober enough, preferring to hush up the matter. Is it a great honor to kill a naked person, or, on the contrary, to die yourself at the hands of a nudist? Howard was satisfied with this decision, and the gentlemen went home.
Alexey Orlov vs. Mikhail Lunin. When a person agrees to accept a challenge to a duel, it would be good to have some kind of skill for this. Alexey Orlov was not ready for the fight. He was a good general who proved himself in the Napoleonic wars. But this does not mean that he knew how to shoot accurately. Orlov never fought with anyone in a duel, which was the reason for the jokes of young people. Lunin invited the general to experience a new sensation for him, in fact, challenging him to a duel. It was impossible to refuse such, even a humorous challenge. Orlov's vulnerability became noticeable during a duel with the much more experienced and skillful cavalryman Mikhail Lunin. He provoked the general so much that Orlov really wanted to kill the offender. The first shot went to an inexperienced duelist, but the bullet only knocked down Lunin's epaulette. He only laughed in response and fired into the air. Then the furious Orlov fired again, this time hitting his hat. Lunin laughed and fired again into the air. He found pleasure in danger. The enraged Orlov was about to reload the weapon, but the senseless duel was stopped. Lunin offered his opponent shooting lessons. And although the young officer did not win the duel, he gained the upper hand in the battle - Orlov was humiliated.
Monsieur de Grandpré versus Monsieur de Pique. It seems that duels are something French, who, if not them, know a lot about this occupation and observe a certain style. In 1808, an opera diva fell in love with two venerable monsieurs. The rivals decided that there was no better way to ward off a competitor from their passion, except to shoot with him. And the victory itself should have a positive effect on that very lady. The men decided to carry out a duel in balloons, high in the sky, for greater showiness. The opponents rose above the Parisian Tuileries Gardens, taking with them muskets filled with gunpowder and lead bullets. The co-pilots helped to control the balloons, who had an unenviable fate. As soon as the balls approached within a shot distance, Grandpre and Pique's command shot at each other. The Piquet ball caught fire and fell down. Together with the duelist, his co-pilot died. The most interesting thing is that the prima donna did not appreciate such a sacrifice and ran away with another fan.
Andre Marchand against the dog. This amazing story happened in the XIV century. André Marchand went hunting with his friend, Jacques Chevantier. The friends could not find a third companion, but they took a friendly dog. During the hunt, Jacques Chevante disappeared somewhere. No one would have suspected the disappearance of Marchand's man, but the missing man's dog, who was an eyewitness to the events, literally barked at the sight of his master's friend. Friends of Chevantier came to the original conclusion - the dog wants to challenge Marchand to a duel, instead of the missing Chevantier. In order to preserve his honor, Marchand had to accept the challenge. But he could not choose a revolver, it simply did not exist then. Then the duelist decided to fight with a club with iron fangs. They just looked like dog fangs. The dog did not have much choice how to rely on its natural weapons - teeth and claws. The fight was surprisingly short. As soon as the dog was released from the leash, he immediately grabbed the opponent's neck. Marchand didn't even have time to use his club. They say that while dying, the poor man managed to confess to the murder of a friend. But most likely this legend was invented by the organizers of such a wild duel to justify their madness.
Count Cagliostro versus Dr. Sozonovich. The famous European sorcerer Count Cagliostro visited Russia in the 18th century. Here he was given a warm welcome - the magician found many fans and clients. But at the court there were also those who openly called the visiting guest a charlatan. The most serious conflict broke out between Cagliostro and Dr. Sozonovich, the court physician of Empress Catherine II. There was a curious case - Prince Golitsyn's only ten-month-old son fell ill. Official medicine threw up its hands, but Cagliostro managed to heal him in just a month. The gossipers whispered that the count had simply changed the baby. Then the offended Sozonovich challenged Cagliostro to a duel. He said that since we are talking about medicine, then the weapon should be a poison prepared by himself. Enemies must exchange pills and the one with the best antidote wins. Later, Cagliostro boasted of how in front of everyone he managed to replace the poison with a ball of chocolate. But the gullible Sozonovich drank the poison, trying to muffle its effect with several liters of milk. Fortunately, both duelists survived. Perhaps the cunning Italian decided to spare his opponent and did not give him poison. After all, Cagliostro wrote to Sozonovich after that duel that the pill contained only a potency-enhancing agent.
Jack Robson and Billy Beckham. Times change the weapons of duelists. At first they were swords and swords, later - firearms. As you can see, even balloons took part in the showdown. In this case, two American farmers decided to sort things out using their cars. The reason for the duel was banal - both guys fell in love with a certain beauty. The Americans decided that in the middle of the 20th century the weapons should be appropriate, which is why they chose cars. Early in the morning, the rivals gathered on the edge of the plateau, where seconds, a doctor and a mechanic, were to observe the honesty of the fight. And the very subject of the dispute - a charming lady, appeared at the place of the duel. On command, the cars rushed towards each other with great speed. But at the last moment, the duelists turned away, avoiding instant death. The men decided to change their tactics - now they were trying to push the enemy's car into the abyss. The winner was Jack Robson, but his prize was not a girl's heart, but 15 years in prison.The very same beauty married a bus driver, who kindly gave her a ride home after a terrible duel.