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The zoological park (zoo) is one of the unique laboratories for the preservation of the diversity of the animal world and the museum of wildlife, created by man, is a scientific and educational institution.
Today, zoos are popping up everywhere. However, there are such zoos on Earth, a visit to which will leave a lasting impression.
It is here that the opportunity to enjoy the species of animals, which are extremely rare in their natural environment, is presented. Let's talk about ten of the brightest such zoos on all four continents.
The Austrian zoo Schonbrunner Zoo is the oldest in the country and in the world as a whole, it is more than 250 years old. The date of its opening is the distant 1752, for a long time the zoo was closed for free visits. This place of rest of the Viennese was founded by the husband of Empress Maria Teresa. The park covers an area of 17 hectares and during its existence has become an integral part of the history of Austria. Local old trees hide the imperial residence in the Baroque style, and the glass-metal structure "House of Palms", built in 1883, is also located here. It is not surprising that for many visitors to the zoo this is not only a place for keeping rare animals, but also a part of the historical heritage of the former great empire. Local attractions include the Tropical House, where you can feel yourself in the jungle of Borneo, as well as the Arctic "Polarium", which has sheltered whales and penguins.
The American San Diego Zoo is considered by many to be the most progressive zoo on the planet. An area of one hundred acres is proposed to be explored using a cable car or a special tourist bus. It is here that the largest population of pandas is located, which live in their natural conditions. In order for this rare and capricious species to take root here, a huge and unique collection of plants was created, in which there are only about twenty species of eucalyptus, and about 40 varieties of bamboo. The San Diego Zoo currently has about 4,800 animals and this number is constantly increasing. The famous Balboa Park, which also houses a variety of museums, has become home to animals. The zoo gives visitors the opportunity to visit various parts of the planet - from the African savannah to the Siberian taiga.
Often unofficially, the Pretoria Zoo is called the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa, since it is located exactly near this city. The park appeared here in 1899, when the Anglo-Boer epic was raging in the country. Within 17 years, the zoo became national. The river, which flows at the foot of a high hill, divides 198 acres of land in two. That is why some of the places are located on the slopes, they are accessible only through two bridges. According to official information, 2570 species live here, 99% of the inhabitants were born here, in the national zoo. Visitors are encouraged to hike a six-kilometer route, explore the largest marine aquarium in South Africa and visit the "Reptile Park". Guests are offered additional services - for example, you can spend a night walk with a guide or even spend the night in the middle of the zoo in a tent, completely immersed in the pristine nature and its sounds.
The Czech zoo Prague Zoological Garden, although small in size, takes its rightful place on our list. 110 acres are home to 630 species, with a total of 4,600. Not so long ago, rare animals were born in the zoo - the southern pudu and the Komodo dragon. The population of the unique Rothschild giraffes is gradually growing in Prague. This Czech zoo has made a name for itself as home to the rarest species that are teetering on the brink of extinction. The garden was opened in 1931, there are two levels, which are connected by a cable car. The most popular pavilion is the "Indonesian Jungle", which recreates the tropical setting as much as possible. There are practically no bars in the Prague Zoo, only the most dangerous predators are fenced with them, the rest are either behind glass or behind a small fence. For a small fee, you can even become the adoptive parent of your favorite animal for a whole year, which will be reported on the appropriate plate.
The American Bronx Zoo is the largest in its country, and it was opened back in 1899. It was from here that the famous characters of the cartoon "Madagascar" fled to freedom. This 107-square-foot New York Sanctuary contains more than 4,000 animals, most of which are endangered. The park is divided into several segments; the Asian section is the most popular with visitors. The Wild Asia monorail passes through it, which allows you to see all the Asian landscapes of the zoo. But in the tropical jungle it will be possible to walk on foot, stepping over reptiles and waving off monkeys.
Berlin's Zoological Garden was founded in 1844. The zoo was built on the personal instructions of Friedrich Wilhelm IV, and the changes in eras and styles were reflected here. Today, the capital's zoo is home to nearly 1,400 species. About 15,000 individuals roam freely in fenced enclosures; this is the largest garden in the world in terms of the number of species. The area of the garden is about 35 hectares, and more than 3 million people visit it annually. In the zoo, some structures were erected in the style of the native countries of animals (house of bison, house of antelope), there are also sculptures of animals and monuments to the dead inhabitants near their native pavilions. The local pride here are pandas, and there are about 500 species of birds. The zoo was restored after the Second World War, when only a hundred animals remained here. The aviaries created by the famous architect Peter Lenne began to fill up during the economic upsurge in Germany. Berlin Zoo is the largest garden with no conventional cages. And this place is also part of history.
The French Zoo de Beauval was once just a large aviary for birds. Since 1980, only birds have been kept here, and 10 years later, the first species of animals appeared, mainly from Africa. Today, about 4,000 animals live in the Bovalsky Zoo on an area of 22 hectares, there are even marine inhabitants here. This collection of animals is the largest in France. Zoologists have calculated that local animals consume 3 tons of food daily! White tigers and manatees brought fame to the zoo. At the zoo, all animals, with the exception of 2 female white rhinos, were born in captivity and received through an exchange program. Visitors are encouraged to spend a full day viewing the local fauna, although the compressed program is 4 hours.
The popular Swiss zoo Basel Zoo is affectionately called Zolli by the locals. This place was built in 1874, today it is visited by about a million tourists annually. This allowed the zoo to become the second in the country in general in terms of attendance among the monuments of history and culture. In the Basel Garden, there are about six thousand individuals - six hundred species, many of which are quite rare. The most popular place in the zoo is the vivarium, which shows visitors how the animal species evolved. The park is quite well located - in the very center of the city and not far from the train station. A fairly small area can be walked around in just two to three hours.
The most popular zoo in the world is Animal Kingdom, which has become the embodiment of love for Disney characters. For this, a park was created in the American city of Orlando, which is divided into seven thematic sections. In the center is the 40-meter-high Tree of Life. In its artificial crown there are 325 dummies of animals, there is even everyone's favorite Mickey Mouse. There is a mythical section in the park - Dinoland. Here you can meet real dinosaurs and dragons. Safari Village invites you to plunge into the unforgettable world of the original safari, although not only African animals can be found here. In the Asian section, you can try to overcome the raging river (rafting) or walk carefully along the tiger trail. In "Camp Minnie and Mickey" you can enjoy the real Disney show "The Lion King Party". We can safely say that the Animal Kingdom zoo is a good example of how you can weave reality with ephemerality, make the transition from the cartoon world to the real world of animals.